AIPMED

ANNALS OF IBADAN POSTGRADUATE MEDICINE

EDITORIAL

O. Olukoya, Editor-in-Chief

THE WAR AGAINST NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASE: HOW READY IS NIGERIA?

Globally, human development in the varying spheres of life has birthed several consequences that has caused nutritional, demographic and epidemiological transition which has significant impact on population health.1 This public health challenge particularly impacts Africa where it affects the population by causing chronic, non-infectious diseases not hitherto observed in this region. This chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) includes hypertension, stroke, coronary heart disease in addition to diabetes just to mention a few.2 These highlighted diseases in addition to the traditional scourge of infectious diseases has placed a double burden of disease on an otherwise poorly funded health care system in Africa.3 This write up intends to stimulate awareness about the burden of NCDs in Nigeria while looking at the readiness of the national health system to control and treat non-communicable diseases.

This group of diseases results from a mixture of genetic, physiological, environmental and behavioral factors with pronounced dangers because of its chronic nature. Annually, its global mortality is 40 million people, which accounts for 70% of global deaths. Approximately 40% of these deaths occur among people aged between 30 and 69 years, while 80% of these early deaths occur in low and middle-income countries. Of all NCDs cardiovascular disease accounts for about 40% of all deaths annually while cancers, respiratory diseases and diabetes account for 22%, 10% and 4% respectively. These four diseases similarly account for over 80% of all premature deaths.4

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Editor-in-Chief Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine, Basement of East Wing, University College Hospital, Ibadan, P.M.B. 5116, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

E-mail: ibadanpgmed@yahoo.com | Phone: 02-2410088, Ext. 2122

Or

The Publisher, Association of Resident Doctors (ARD), C1 3rd floor, UCH, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Disclaimer: Whilst every effort is made by the editorial board and publisher to see that no inaccurate or misleading data, opinions or statements appear in this journal, they wish to make it clear that the data and opinions appearing in the articles and advertisements herein are the responsibility of the contributor or advertiser concerned. Because of rapid advances in the medical sciences, we recommend that the independent verification of diagnosis and drug dosages should be made.

No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, or stored in any retrieval system without the written permission of the Editor-in-Chief.